Hispanic leaders are decrying a crackdown on undocumented workers and proposed repeal of the Affordable Care Act as potentially having a devastating impact on the Southern Nevada economy and Latino community.
Executives with the National Council of La Raza and other Latino leaders raised their concerns during an economic roundtable March 3 at the office of the Laborer’s Union Local 872.
Albert Jacquez, director of the NCLR’s Policy Analysis Center, said families are making contingency plans after watching Immigration and Customs Enforcement arrest undocumented immigrants and deporting them.
“Every day we’re seeing more and more people picked up and in some cases picked up as they’re leaving church and as they’re dropping their kids off to school,” Jacquez said. “Parents are leery about taking their kids to the doctor for fear that they’re going to be picked up.”
It’s not only affecting Latino families in terms of the human impact, but Jacquez said it’s important to show people there’s an economic impact of this crackdown when families get ripped apart.
“What’s soon is going to start happening is our economy is going to start to feel the impact in a very big way,” Jacquez said. “The folks who are working in the casinos and construction workers — all of those workers who are just here to make their lives better could be targets of being deported.”
Jacquez said the most recent estimate showed there were 130,000 undocumented workers in the state, and if all of them were deported, the state’s GDP would decline by $5.74 billion a year.
“That’s your state economy that would be affected,” Jacquez said. “We have to keep in mind that this is just not having a human toll. It’s having an economic toll on our communities in not only Las Vegas and the rest of Nevada, but California and almost every state in the Union are going through this. We wanted to be sure we raised that issue and how important it is for people to understand, particularly policy makers, that you’re going at the heart of what is the economic engine of this country.”
Jacquez said that while an impact has been felt by President Donald Trump signing executive orders, much more is coming from Congress that will have a “huge impact” on the Latino community.
One would be the repeal of the Affordable Care Act that would potentially take away private insurance from people who get subsidies to buy it on the exchange. In addition, those who got covered by the expansion of Medicaid also face the prospect of losing coverage if those funds are trimmed.
“Right now, it has covered 6 million additional Latinos, and what happens with the replacement?” Jacquez said. “A replacement is coming, but we haven’t seen it. It’s incumbent on all of us to see what it does. Is it going to cover at a reasonable and comprehensive basis the 30 million the ACA has covered? If it doesn’t, what do we do about it? You hear them talk about giving access to insurance. That doesn’t mean they will have coverage.”
Sylvia Lazos, a law professor at UNLV who moderated the roundtable, said the Affordable Care Act has been huge for the Latino community. One in three Latino children weren’t insured prior to its implementation, one of the highest rates of uninsured in the nation.
Lazos said studies have shown one in three to one in four adult Latinos are undocumented. By contrast, the Clark County School District said 90 percent of children in school are U.S. citizens.
Latino leaders credited Gov. Brian Sandoval for expanding Medicaid coverage in the state to ensure more people are covered. But they were concerned the state’s funding will be reduced by the federal government and suggested what’s happening with protests at town halls across the country is making a difference.
“Now with it being on the chopping block, we may have a real economic crisis and real humanitarian crisis in our community,” Lazos said. “My nephew got a kidney transplant and is alive today because of the Affordable Care Act.”
There are 5.1 million families in the country who have at least one undocumented parent, and 90 percent of those are Latino, Jacquez said. Proposals may be coming that would take tax credits away from their children, he said.
One concern raised by those in attendance during the roundtable that wasn’t part of the agenda is the inability of Latino businesses to gain access to loans and other capital from major banks. Some companies have turned to high-interest loans to make payroll, and others have taken title loans on their vehicles because they can’t get a loan approved by a bank, those in attendance said.
Peter Guzman, president of the Latin Chamber of Commerce, said the Latino community needs to apply pressure on national banks so small businesses have access to capital.
“We bailed these banks out,” Guzman said. “We didn’t get a return for that. They’re not lending to real entrepreneurs at my chamber that are real business people.”
Guzman said banks have said they will ultimately get around to making more loans, but bank executives cite their responsibility to shareholders even when they are sitting on a lot of cash. If members of the Latino community took their money out of banks nationwide, that would put pressure on them to make loans, he said.
“I’m not asking for something free for our members,” Guzman said. “Even if they want to take an equity piece, they can take a small piece and not 51 percent like they like to. I have sophisticated, educated, Hispanic business owners – ones in the construction industry with contracts coming up – that are still not getting loans.”